Human herpesviruses cause different infectious diseases, resulting in world-wide health problems. Sexual transmission is a major route for the spread of both herpes simplex virus-1 HSV-1 and Semen plays an important role in carrying the viral particle that invades the vaginal or rectal mucosa and, thereby, initiates viral replication. Previously, we demonstrated that the amyloid fibrils semenogelin SEM and semen-derived enhancer of viral infection SEVI , and seminal plasma SP augment cytomegalovirus infection Tang et al.
Update on Sexually Transmitted Diseases:Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infections | Consultant
Colleague's E-mail is Invalid. Your message has been successfully sent to your colleague. Save my selection. Received for publication June 15, , revised September 21, , and accepted September 28, Previous studies, using viral culture, have suggested that herpes simplex virus HSV isolation from semen is rare.
Last month, I began a series of clinical updates on sexually transmitted infections that you may encounter when caring for adolescents. The first update covered the various presentations of gonorrhea and chlamydial infections. Two types of HSV exist:.
Metrics details. Most of the human herpesviruses can be found in semen, although the reported prevalence varies considerably between individual studies. The frequent presence of herpesvirus in semen raises the question whether sexual transmission of the virus could have an impact on human reproduction. Only few studies have associated seminal shedding of herpesviruses with impaired sperm quality, reduced fertility, or reduced chances of pregnancy, whereas most studies fail to find an association.