Many men experience sexual dysfunction of some kind in their life. Contrary to popular belief, erectile dysfunction and low libido are not the only problems that have an impact on sexual well-being. Ejaculatory control and function are also common hiccups that men routinely face in their sex life. An ejaculation is a central nervous system reflex action that cannot be voluntarily controlled or interrupted.
Normally, semen exits the penis when a man ejaculates. Retrograde ejaculation causes some semen to travel backward into the bladder. The ejaculate can move out of the penis because a small muscle, called the bladder sphincter, closes the opening to the bladder, preventing the semen from entering the bladder. When the bladder sphincter does not work correctly, the bladder may not close completely, which can cause ejaculate to travel into the bladder rather than coming out of the penis. It is also called a dry orgasm.
This information is for adult males with cancer. If you are a transgender person , please talk to your cancer care team about any needs that are not addressed here. Cancer treatment can interfere with ejaculation by damaging the nerves that control the prostate, seminal vesicles, and the opening to the bladder. It can also stop semen from being made in the prostate and seminal vesicles, or it can cut off the path that semen normally takes out of the body. Despite this, a man can still feel the sensation of pleasure that makes an orgasm.